Hindi Journalism Day - Know Facts about why we Celebrate Hindi Journalism Day (हिन्दी पत्रकारिता दिवस) on May 30 in India

Hindi Journalism day 2020: Hindi Journalism day is also known as Hindi Patrakarita Diwas (हिन्दी पत्रकारिता दिवस) and it is celebrated every year on 30th May to mark the beginning of Hindi journalism. Read on to know more about Hindi Journalism Day and Rising and growth of Hindi journalism.

Updated: May 29, 2020 14:50 IST

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Monika

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History of Hindi Journalism Day

Udanta Martand

The first newspaper in the Hindi language called 'Udanta Martand' was taken out on 30 May 1826. Hence, this day is celebrated as Hindi Journalism Day or Hindi Patrakarita Diwas. Pandit Jugal Kishore Shukla commenced it as a weekly newspaper from Calcutta. He was also its publisher and editor. In this way, Pandit Jugal Kishore Shukla, who started Hindi journalism, has particular respect in the world of Hindi journalism.

Jugal Kishore Shukla was also a lawyer and hailed from Kanpur. But at that time in British colonial India, he made Calcutta his workplace. Talking about the rights of Indians in India had become a big challenge. For this, he started publishing the weekly 'Udanta Martand' from Amar Talla Lane, Kolutola, in the Bada Bazar area of ​​Calcutta. This weekly newspaper reached readers every week on Tuesday.

Panchatantra was the influence of Bangla and Urdu, followed by English, the British rulers' language in Calcutta, the capital of India. Therefore, there were many newspapers in English, Bangla, and Persian at that time. Not a single Hindi language newspaper was present. Yes, it is definitely that in 1818-19, in the Bengali newspaper 'Samachar Darpan' of Calcutta School Book, some parts were also in Hindi.

Although 'Udanta Martand' was a bold experiment, it could not be published even for a year due to a lack of money. The first issue of this weekly newspaper printed 500 copies. Due to the lack of Hindi speaking readers, it could not get many readers. Secondly, due to being away from the Hindi speaking states, they had to send newspapers by post. Due to the high postal rates, sending it to Hindi-speaking countries also became an economically costly deal.

Pandit Jugal Kishore urged the government to give some concession in postal rates so that newspapers could be sent to readers in Hindi speaking regions, but the British government did not agree to it. However, no government department decided to buy even a single copy of 'Udanta Martand.'

Due to financial constraints, the publication of 'Udanta Martand' could not be published for a long time, and finally, on 4 December 1826, its release was stopped. Today's phase has changed completely. There has been a lot of economic investment in journalism, and it has got the status of the industry. The readership of Hindi has increased and is continuously growing.

Bangadoot

The second Hindi newspaper Bangadoot was published in 1829 by Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Dwarika Prasad Thakore with Nilratan Haldar as its editor. Besides Hindi, it has also been published in English, Bengali and Persian.

Samachar Sudha Varshan

Calcutta General Advertiser, the first newspaper of India (also referred to as the Hicky’s Bengal Gazette) started in January 1780, and therefore the first Hindi daily, Samachar Sudha Varshan, started in 1854 – three years before the first-ever freedom struggle of India in 1857.

Phases of Hindi Journalism

Mishra in his research paper defines five phases in the history of the Hindi press and its journey towards the Modern Hindi Press that exists today. He said that, in this process, it has gone through five distinct phases of transformation: 

  • The Beginning Phase, 1826-1866

  • The Harishchandra Phase, 1867-1899

  • The Literary Phase, 1900-1919

  • The Gandhian Phase, 1920-1947

  • The Post-Independence Phase, 1948 to the present.

Currently, India publishes about 1,000 Hindi Dailies that have a complete circulation of about 80 million copies. English, the second language in terms of the number of daily newspapers, has about 250 dailies with a circulation of almost 40 million copies

Hindi Journalism Day - FAQs

1. Why do we celebrate Hindi Journalism Day?

Hindi Journalism Day is celebrated every year on 30th May to mark the beginning of Hindi journalism

2. When was the first Hindi Journalism Day celebrated?

The first Hindi Journalism Day was celebrated on the day of the release of Udanta Martand in the year 1826, which is considered as the first Hindi newspaper.