Locust attack in Jaipur: Locusts enter Jaipur Residential Areas

Locust attack in Jaipur: On Monday, swarms of locusts invaded some residential areas of the Jaipur and presented an unusual sight to the local people. Locusts normally affect west Rajasthan districts but this time the swarms have traveled as far as Jaipur city. Jaipur Locust attack has frightened the people. Now Jaipur people suffer from both Covid-19 pandemic and Locust attack. Watch Locust attack in Jaipur through the video given below.

Updated: May 27, 2020 16:57 IST

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Niranjani Jesentha Kumari P

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Locust attack in Jaipur

On Monday, Jaipur was swept by swarms of desert locusts as the insect attack spread to parts of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh. Locusts can wreck standing crops and devastate people's livelihoods. Scientists are blaming the higher number of cyclones originating from the Indian Ocean in 2019 for this year's increased occurrences of locust attacks.

Second round of locust attack in India

This is India 's second round of locust attack, the first which took place during December-February. Today is the fourth consecutive day in the latest period of attacks on the Indian side. The desert locust is considered the most destructive migratory pest in the world and can produce up to 80 million locusts in a single swarm covering 1 square kilometre. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said Friday there was increased danger along both sides of the border between India and Pakistan.

What is Desert Locust?

The Desert Locust is one of around a dozen species of short-horned grasshoppers (Acridoidea) known to alter their behavior and form swarms of adults or hopper bands (wingless nymphs). The swarms that form can be highly mobile and dense. Schistocerca gregaria (Forskal) is the scientific name for Desert Locust.

How many species of locusts are there in India?

In India, only four types of locust are reported: Desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria), Migratory locust (Locusta migratoria), Bombay Locust (Nomadacris succincta) and Tree locust (Anacridium sp.) In India, as well as in the intercontinental sense, the desert locust is the most important pest.

Coming to the world, there are 10 locusts species in the world:

Desert Locust, Bombay Locust, Migratory Locust, Italian Locust, Moroccan Locust, Red Locust, Brown Locust, South American Locust, Australian Locust, Tree Locus.

Difference between locust and grasshoppers:

Locusts are part of a wide group of insects, usually called grasshoppers that have wide jumping hind legs. Locusts are a part of the Acrididae family. Locusts differ from grasshoppers because they can change their behavior and habits and migrate over long distances.

Why are locusts seen in urban areas?

Locusts are seen in areas not historically associated with such sightings: Jaipur, MP Gwalior, Morena, and Sheopur, and recently stray swarms in Amravati, Nagpur, and Wardha at Maharashtra. There are currently three to four swarms in Rajasthan, another two to three in Madhya Pradesh, from which a small number has migrated to Maharashtra, which Gurjar said wouldn't be very hard to manage.

What other countries are affected by the Desert Locust?

The desert locust invasion area covers approximately 30 million sq km, which includes whole or parts of almost 64 countries. This includes countries such as the countries of North West and East Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, the former USSR Southern Republic, Iran, Afghanistan, and the Indian subcontinent. During times of recession when locust occurs in low densities, it inhabits a large belt of arid and semi-arid land that stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to North West India. Therefore, in 30 countries, it occupies more than 16 million sq kms.

How can locusts be controlled?

Currently, the primary method of controlling Desert Locust swarms and hopper bands is with primarily organophosphate chemicals applied by vehicle-mounted and aerial sprayers in small concentrated doses (referred to as ultra-low volume (ULV) formulation) and to a lesser extent by knapsack and handheld sprays.

Locust attack in Jaipur- FAQ

1. What is Desert Locust?

The Desert Locust is one of around a dozen species of short-horned grasshoppers (Acridoidea) known to alter their behavior and form swarms of adults or hopper bands (wingless nymphs). The swarms that form can be highly mobile and dense. Schistocerca gregaria (Forskal) is the scientific name for Desert Locust.

2. Why are locusts seen in urban areas?

Locusts are seen in areas not historically associated with such sightings: Jaipur, MP Gwalior, Morena, and Sheopur, and recently stray swarms in Amravati, Nagpur, and Wardha at Maharashtra. 

3. How many species of locusts are there in the World?

Desert Locust, Bombay Locust, Migratory Locust, Italian Locust, Moroccan Locust, Red Locust, Brown Locust, South American Locust, Australian Locust, Tree Locus. These are the Locusts seen around the world. 

4. How many species of locusts are there in India?

In India, only four types of locust are reported: Desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria), Migratory locust (Locusta migratoria), Bombay Locust (Nomadacris succincta) and Tree locust (Anacridium sp.) In India, as well as in the intercontinental sense, the desert locust is the most important pest.

5. How can locusts be controlled?

Currently, the primary method of controlling Desert Locust swarms and hopper bands is with primarily organophosphate chemicals applied by vehicle-mounted and aerial sprayers in small concentrated doses (referred to as ultra-low volume (ULV) formulation) and to a lesser extent by knapsack and handheld sprays.