Maharana Pratap Jayanti 2020 in India: Know all about the Great Warrior King Maharana Pratap

Maharana Pratap Jayanti 2020: Today is the birth anniversary of Maharana Pratap, the valiant son of Rajasthan, a great warrior and a symbol of amazing valor and courage. Maharana Pratap was born on 9 May 1540 in Kumbhalgarh Durg (Pali) according to the English calendar. But a large section of Rajput society in Rajasthan celebrates his birthday according to Hindu date. Since Jyeshtha Shukla's Tritiya Tithi was on May 9 in 1540, according to this, his birth anniversary will be celebrated on May 25 this year as well.

Updated: May 09, 2020 13:49 IST

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Hari Aditya

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Maharana Pratap Jayanti 2020 in India: Know all about the Great Warrior King Maharana Pratap

Maharana Pratap Jayanti 2020:

King Maharana Pratap is regarded as one of the greatest warriors in Indian history and the stories of his fearlessness are told even today. TV show Bharat Ka Veer Putra – Maharana Pratap showed is based on the life of the ruler and aired its last episode in 2015. Today, that is May 9, 2019, marks his 479th birth anniversary which is celebrated as Maharana Pratap Jayanti. Today is the birth anniversary of Maharana Pratap, the valiant son of Rajasthan, a great warrior and a symbol of amazing valor and courage. Maharana Pratap was born on 9 May 1540 in Kumbhalgarh Durg (Pali) according to the English calendar. But a large section of Rajput society in Rajasthan celebrates his birthday according to Hindu date. Since Jyeshtha Shukla's Tritiya Tithi was on May 9 in 1540, according to this, his birth anniversary will be celebrated on May 25 this year as well.

Learn here about 5 special things about Maharana Pratap, the great Hindu ruler of Mewar

1- Maharana Pratap was born in the house of Maharaja Uday Singh and mother Rani Jeevat Kanwar. She was also known as Kika in childhood and youth. He got this name from the Bhils, in whose company he spent the early days. Kika means 'son' in the dialect of Bhils.

2- Maharana Pratap had a horse named Chetak which he loved most. Chetak has his place in Pratap's heroic stories. He played an important role in winning many battles of agility, speed, and bravery. 

3- Although Maharana Pratap fought many battles with the Mughals, the most historic battle was - the Battle of Haldighati in which he faced a huge army of Akbar led by Mansingh. In this tremendous war in 1576, Maharana Pratap faced 80 thousand Mughal soldiers with about 20 thousand soldiers. This is the most discussed war in medieval Indian history. In this war, Pratap's horse Chetak was injured. After this war, Mewar, Chittor, Gogunda, Kumbhalgarh, and Udaipur were captured by the Mughals. Most of the Rajput kings fell under the Mughals but Maharana never left Swabhiman. He did not accept the subjection of the Mughal Emperor Akbar and struggled for many years. 

4- In the war of Diwar in 1582, Rana Pratap regained the territories which had once been lost to the Mughals. Colonel James Taw called this war with the Mughals a marathon of Mewar. After a long struggle till 1585, he was successful in liberating Mewar.  
When Maharana Pratap was seated on the throne, at that time, as much as the Mewar land was his right, the land as a whole was now under his control. 

5- In 1596, he was hurt while playing hunting, Chetak his horse carried him to safe, from which he never recovered from. He died in Chavad on 19 January 1597 at just 57 years of age.