Trivandrum Based Institute Develops Easy-to-Use Home Ventilators

It is basically a hand holding system often known as a bag-valve-mask (BVM) to provide proper pressure ventilation for a patient who either does not breathe or who respires inadequately.

by Hari Aditya

Updated: Apr 10, 2020 10:10 IST

Tags: India Corona
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The Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST) located in Trivandrum has developed a compact and lightweight emergency ventilator device based on the Artificial Manual Breathing Unit (AMBU). It is basically a hand-held system often named as a bag-valve-mask (BVM) to provide positive pressure ventilation for a patient who either is not breathing or who is inadequately breathing. The system will help vital patients who don't have access to ICU ventilators breathe. Covid 19 induces mild to extreme pneumonia symptoms in 14 percent of patients that need assistance for oxygen and ventilation. With this, though, only 5% of patients experience multiple adult respiratory distress syndrome involving hospitalization in the ICU and intensive mechanical ventilator therapy.

Explaining the product's logic, Asha Kishore, Director, SCTIMST says, "Many of these cases can be handled in isolation wards utilizing our ventilator device or also provide monitored home treatment with a basic ventilator system built by us. This will save ICU beds and specialized ventilator systems for extreme cases. High-end ventilators are very costly and require stockpiling a lot of supplies which would not often be feasible during an outbreak. The bulk of our population is located in towns and rural areas and there are few ICU qualified physicians. It might not be necessary to operate specialized ventilators in such places. The automatic AMBU dependent ventilator system may be used with its basic configuration and ease of usage by healthcare personnel with minimum training. Protection Status